With a wintry January forecast, police driving experts are advising motorists to take extra precautions, with the following specific advice for driving in icy conditions.
In winter check the local weather forecast for warnings of icy or snowy weather.
DO NOT drive in these conditions unless your journey is essential. If it is, take great care and allow more time for your journey. Take an emergency kit of de-icer and ice scraper, torch, warm clothing and boots, first aid kit, jump leads and a shovel, together with a warm drink and emergency food in case you get stuck or your vehicle breaks down.
Before you set off
You MUST be able to see, so clear all snow and ice from all your windows
You MUST ensure that lights are clean and number plates are clearly visible and legible
Make sure the mirrors are clear and the windows are demisted thoroughly
Remove all snow that might fall off into the path of other road users
Check your planned route is clear of delays and that no further snowfalls or severe weather are predicted.
When driving in icy or snowy weather:
Drive with care, even if the roads have been treated
Keep well back from the road user in front as stopping distances can be ten times greater than on dry roads
Take care when overtaking vehicles spreading salt or other de-icer, particularly if you are riding a motorcycle or cycle
Watch out for snowploughs which may throw out snow on either side. Do not overtake them unless the lane you intend to use has been cleared
Be prepared for the road conditions to change over relatively short distances
Listen to travel bulletins and take note of variable message signs that may provide information about weather, road and traffic conditions ahead.
Drive extremely carefully when the roads are icy. Avoid sudden actions as these could cause loss of control.
Drive at a slow speed in as high a gear as possible; accelerate and brake very gently
Drive particularly slowly on bends where loss of control is more likely.
Brake progressively on the straight before you reach a bend. Having slowed down, steer smoothly round the bend, avoiding sudden actions
Check your grip on the road surface when there is snow or ice by choosing a safe place to brake gently.
If the steering feels unresponsive this may indicate ice and your vehicle losing its grip on the road. When travelling on ice, tyres make virtually no noise.
* Information from Ask The Police website